Pick a Signal Word:
Select pictograms (up to 2):
Enter your text message (you can use $ as a carriage return)
If you are creating a long message, you will need to scale the text. Don't scale a short message
because the font size can exceed the ANSI Z535 standard. Try generating unscaled first, and scale if it doesn't fit.
Scale text (this slows down the sign generation by a few seconds)
or maybe you want a
New to safety signs?
- Is personal injury a credible possibility? No: NOTICE, Yes: next step
- Is death or serious injury a credible possibility? No: CAUTION, Yes: next step
- If an accident occurs, is death or serious injury almost certain? No: WARNING, Yes: DANGER
For hazard alerting signs, the signal word is selected according to the risk presented by the hazardous situation that the safety sign addresses. That is, signal word selection is based on the risk posed if the safety sign is not followed. The risk is determined based on:
a. worst credible severity if an accident occurs;
b. probability of an accident if the hazardous situation occurs (i.e., if the safety sign is not followed);
c. probability of the worst credible severity occurring.
- DANGER indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury
- WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury
- CAUTION indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury
- NOTICE is used to address practices not related to physical injury
- The information required on a safety sign should be arranged to provide the most important information first. The statement concerning the consequences of interaction with the hazard is generally best understood when placed after the hazard description statement, or used integrally with the hazard description statement. As a general rule, the hazard message should come first when there are many feasible action/avoidance alternatives. However, action/avoidance messages should come first when there are few avoidance alternatives.
- Write in a "headline style," eliminating nonessential words and pronouns (this, that, they), articles (a, the, an), and forms of the verb to be (is, are, were). Avoid hyphenation when at all possible.
- The action statement gives the viewer instructions on how to avoid the hazard. The statement should be simple, direct, and applicable to the hazard. "Keep Out!" "Keep away" "Wear hard hats" "No smoking" "Do not operate"
- The hazard description statement identifies the specific hazard in clear, simple language. Where the desired action and the consequence of not avoiding the hazard are obvious from the hazard description statement (such as "Slippery when wet"), the action and consequence statements may be omitted. "Hazardous voltage inside" "Confined space" "Laser radiation" "Hot pipes above"
- The consequence statement tells the viewer in clear, simple language what will happen if the warning is ignored. "Will burn" "Can cause serious burn or death" "Exposure can cause nausea, dizziness, and a headache"
- Write sentences in the active voice rather than the passive voice. This means placing the subject of the sentence first, the action (verb) next, and the object (noun) last. Often the subject "you" or "your" can be inferred from the sentence and is unnecessary.
- Avoid the use of prepositional phrases. Prepositional phrases can often be eliminated or replaced with one word.
- The preferred format for text is the use of mixed upper and lower case where only the first letter of the first word in a sentence is capitalized. The use of all upper case letters for the word message is discouraged because it is more difficult to read quickly than lower case type. On occasion, a single word or phrase may be set in upper case letters to provide emphasis.
Rev 1: created image as separate file to facilitate downloading and sharing.
Rev 2: Fixed some of the red cross-out symbols becoming transparent.
of Hazard and Consequence Statement
parts can crush and cut
out during operation
shock, burn, or cause death
Type of Hazard
Word Message with
Hazard Description First
Word Message with
Hazard Avoidance Message First